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4 Common Types of Dementia Among Older Adults

Posted by The Pavilion Senior Living Team on Feb 15, 2020 8:00:00 AM | 4 minute read

4 Common Types of Dementia Among Older Adults_The Pavilion Senior Living

Although many people may think dementia itself is a disease, it is only a means of describing changes in the brain that are characterized by memory loss and cognitive decline. While Alzheimer’s disease is the most commonly known and diagnosed type of dementia, it is not the only form of the condition.

The Pavilion Senior Living in Lebanon and Carthage, Tennessee, offers comprehensive and compassionate Alzheimer’s and dementia care. Our memory care options place your loved one in a community with a professionally trained team that focuses on person-centered care. 

Around 50 million people worldwide have dementia, and nearly 10 million new cases form every year. Despite these numbers, many continue to not understand the different types of dementia nor the differences between them. The Pavilion Senior Living aims to be an educational resource regarding dementia, Alzheimer’s, and memory care services. If you would like to learn more about Alzheimer’s disease, we encourage you to click the link below to discover the past, present, and future of Alzheimer’s disease.

READ: What is Alzheimer's Disease?

1. Mixed Dementia

Mixed dementia refers to a situation where a person is living with more than one type of dementia. The Jersey Alzheimer’s Association states that up to 45% of those with dementia have mixed dementia and may be unaware of the condition. 

The initial symptoms of mixed dementia can vary. For some, symptoms may be similar to or even indistinguishable from Alzheimer's or another type of dementia. For others, a person's symptoms may be more apparent that more than one type of dementia is present.

2. Vascular Dementia

In terms of diagnosis, vascular dementia is the second most common type of dementia. Though it shares similarities with Alzheimer’s disease (most forms of dementia do), they are very different types of dementia. Vascular dementia is caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain, which could be the result of a stroke or medical condition like atherosclerosis

The first symptoms displayed are typically confusion and disorientation. As vascular dementia develops into its later stages, more symptoms may develop, like memory impairment, difficulty concentrating, mood changes, and difficulty walking. Vascular dementia is estimated to account for 15 to 20 percent of dementia cases in older adults.

3. Parkinson’s Disease Dementia

Most don’t associate Parkinson’s disease with dementia, but as Parkinson’s disease evolves into mid-later stages, symptoms of dementia may develop. The Alzheimer’s Association estimates that 50 to 80 percent of those with Parkinson’s disease will experience Parkinson’s disease dementia.

Parkinson’s dementia sets itself apart from other types of dementia, like Alzheimer’s disease, with symptoms that affect the speed at which thoughts occur, problem-solving skills, memory, and mood

4. Dementia with Lewy Bodies

Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a form of dementia that is associated with abnormal deposits of a protein called alpha-synuclein in the brain. These deposits are referred to as Lewy bodies, and they affect chemicals in the brain that can cause symptoms such as difficulty moving and balancing issues, thinking, and behavior. 

While these tend to be the most common forms of dementia, Understand Together states there are over 400 different types of dementia. Each type of dementia, while similar, poses a unique set of challenges to those who are diagnosed.

While there is currently no cure for dementia, memory care services are offered to provide the necessary care and attention to those dealing with these conditions. These memory care services, provided at The Pavilion Senior Living in Lebanon and Carthage, Tennessee, aim to slow down the progression of dementia while providing a safe and loving environment. 

If your loved one has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia, we encourage you to contact one of our experts and learn more about memory care services provided at The Pavilion Senior Living.


Tags: Alzheimer's Disease, Senior Living, Memory Care, The Pavilion Senior Living